What Are The Types And Causes Of Diabetes

Diabetes is also known as diabetes mellitus which is a metabolic disease. This condition leads to a high blood sugar level in your body. When a person develops diabetes, it does not produce enough insulin or causes a condition that does not allow use of insulin.

People who leave the condition untreated are at high risk of damage to various body organs, such as kidneys, eyes, etc.

Here are the different types of diabetes you need to know.

Type 1 Diabetes 

It is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system causes damage to the cells in the pancreas by attacking (which is the area of insulin production). There is more research required to collect evidence on why the immune system attacks the cells. The best endocrinologist in Islamabad says that many people are suffering from type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

This condition occurs when there is impairment in the process of how your body uses sugar or glucose to function. It is a chronic condition that leads to an increase in sugar circulating in the bloodstream.

Studies say that high blood sugar production in your bloodstream can result in dangerous problems, such as nervous disorder, circulatory disorder, and disruption in the immune system.


A chronic and serious health condition occurs when a person experiences higher blood sugar levels than usual. The level of high blood sugar is not that high as diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

It is a condition which women experience during pregnancy. High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can affect overall health. Gestational diabetes occurs when the placenta produces insulin blocking hormones.

Your kidney removes too many fluids from your body which is known as diabetes insipidus.

Causes of Diabetes 

Causes of diabetes are different for all types of diabetes. You need to learn what conditions can put you at high risk of diabetes.

Causes – Diabetes 1 Type 

There is no strong evidence yet of what causes diabetes 1 type. Researchers say that for some reason, the immune system attacks the cells which produce insulin in your pancreas.

Experts say that it might be possible that genes play an important role in a few people. Some other studies also conclude that viruses may be the reason for the immune system attack in your pancreas.

Risk Factors: 

Certain factors can put you at high risk of developing diabetes.

You can develop type 1 diabetes if you are young, like a teenager or a child. Having someone in the family with this type of diabetes is a risk factor, such as parents and siblings. There are also certain genes that may develop the disease.

Causes – Type 2 Diabetes

A combination of genetics and many other factors contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. Studies also explain that being overweight can also increase your risk of developing this type of diabetes. Extra fat in your belly results in more resistance of your cells to the insulin effects on your blood sugar level.

Experts say that type 2 diabetes also runs in families. If someone in your family was overweight, then you are also at risk of getting extra fat. Such genetic reasons can increase the chances of type 2 diabetes.

Risk Factors:

Type 2 diabetes risk increases if you are overweight or older than age 45. Doctors also highlight other factors that contribute, such as less physical activity, prediabetes, high blood pressure, having high triglycerides, having someone in the family with such a condition, etc.

Gestational Diabetes 

This is the type of diabetes that is developed due to hormonal changes during the pregnancy period. It occurs when the placenta produces hormones that lead to the less sensitive cells in pregnant women. Such sensitivity occurs to the effects of insulin.

Doctors also explain that women with the obesity issue during pregnancy are at risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Risk Factors:

The risk of developing gestational diabetes increases when you are overweight, over age 25, given birth to an overweight baby, have polycystic ovary syndrome, etc.

Final Thought

There are different factors that can affect the odds of developing diabetes. Diabetes can lead to many health complications, such as nephropathy, heart disease, hearing loss, etc.

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